ชื่อเอกสาร

  • Buffalo Bulletin

  • Vol. 38 NO. 4 Page 571-578

  • http://kuojs.lib.ku.ac.th/index.php/BufBu/article/view/2432

  • en

  • L73-โรคสัตว์

  • กระบือ;แม่โค;Herpesviridae;โรคของสัตว์;การบำบัดโรค;ปากีสถาน

  • Water buffaloes;Cows;Herpesviridae;Animal diseases;Therapy;Pakistan

  • Buffaloes;Bubalus bubalis;Cows;Gulwaddee;Herpesvirus 2;Sporadic;Bovine herpes mammillitis;Disease;Therapeutic interventions;Pakistan

  • Bovine herpes mammillitis is a disease of cows and buffaloes associated with bovine herpes mammillitis virus 2 and characterized clinically by successive appearance of plaques, vesicles ulcers and scabs on teats and udder. Vesicle formation, a characteristic feature of early stages of the disease in cow is either absent or occurs rarely in dairy buffaloes. The disease is worldwide in distribution but has not been reported from Pakistan. This is despite the fact that one clinical form of the disease (colloquially known as Gulwaddee in Punjabi) has been observed by most of the seasoned Pakistani veterinary practitioners. Most cows and buffaloes are affected by latent and sub-clinical form of the disease and only a few infected animals develop its clinical form. Stress of calving, udder edema and hormonal changes close to calving are important predisposing factors. The condition is usually sporadic although outbreaks have also been documented. It is more prevalent in cows and buffaloes in their first lactation. The causative virus multiplies at a temperature lower than the temperature of the rest of the body. Therapeutic interventions that can be used for the treatment of bovine herpes mammillits include debridement of the scab covered lesion, topical and parenteral administration of antibiotics, topical administration of lysine/propolis, topical and oral administration of acyclovir (an anti-herpes virus drug), oral administration of zinc sulphate and other immunity enhancing agents and parenteral administration of antihistamine and anti-inflammatory drugs. Therapeutic interventions proposed for future research include investigation of the oral use of zinc sulpahte, local infiltration of acyclovir into the lesions and use of infrared lamp to increase the temperature of the lesion. No vaccine is currently available recommended control and prevention measures include biosecurity, prevention and proper treatment of udder edema, insect control and milking time hygiene.

  • [1] Muhammad Muddassir Ali (Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Lahore (Pakistan))
    [2] Ghulam Muhammad (University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (Pakistan). Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery)
    [3] Muhammad Saqib (University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (Pakistan). Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery)
    [4] Immad Rashid (University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (Pakistan). Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery)
    [5] Muhammad Zeeshan Tahir (Nestle Pakistan Limited (Pakistan))
    [6] Ali Raza Awan (Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Lahore (Pakistan))
    [7] Muhammad Wasim (Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Lahore (Pakistan))
    [8] Muhammad Tayyab (Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Lahore (Pakistan))

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Muhammad Muddassir Ali and others. (2019). Bovine herpes mammillitis (Gulwaddee) - a less known disease of cows and buffaloes in Pakistan.  Buffalo Bulletin, 38 (4) ,571-578

Muhammad Muddassir Ali and others. "Bovine herpes mammillitis (Gulwaddee) - a less known disease of cows and buffaloes in Pakistan" Buffalo Bulletin, 38, 2019, 571-578.

Muhammad Muddassir Ali and others. "Bovine herpes mammillitis (Gulwaddee) - a less known disease of cows and buffaloes in Pakistan" Buffalo Bulletin .38.4 (2019):571-578.print.